Henle Latin, Lesson 1

I get to Exercise 2 and feel like I’m missing something here… I think my confusion would be sorted out by the Grammar, but I don’t have the Grammar :P so I’m trying to figure this out, and I thought I was doing fairly well, having completed Latina Christiana I & II, but… huh. Oh well, here, then —

Exercise 1

2. gloria
gloriae
gloriae
gloriam
gloria

gloriae
gloriamus
gloriis
glorias
gloriis

Exercise 2

1. terram — accusative singular, direct object, the earth/land
2. silvas — accusative plurar, direct object, the forests
3. portarum — genitive plural, possessive, of the gates or the gates’
4. gloriam — accusative singular, direct object, the glory/fame
5. portas — accusative plural, direct object, the gates
6. silvam — accusative singular, direct object, the forest
7. victoriae — genitive singular, possessive, of the victory or the victory’s; dative singular, indirect object, to/for the victory; nominative plural, subject, the victories
8. nautarum — genitive plural, possessive, of the sailors or the sailors’
9. terrae — genitive singular, possesive, of the land/earth or the land’s/earth’s; dative singular, indirect object, to/for the land/earth; nominative plural, subject, the lands/earths
10. victoria — nominative singular, subject, the victory; ablative singular, by/with/from the victory
11. nautae — genitive singular, possessive, of the sailor or the sailor’s; dative singular, indirect object, to/for the sailor; nominative plural, the sailors
12. victoriam — accusative singular, direct object, the victory
13. gloriae — genitive singular, possessive, of the glory/fame or the glory’s/fame’s; dative singular, indirect object, to/for the glory/fame; nominative plural, the glories/fames
14. Mariae — genitive singular, possessive of Mary or Mary’s; dative singular, indirect object, to/for Mary; nominative plural, Marys’
15. porta — nominative singular, subject, the gate; ablative singular, by/with/from the gate
16. silvis — dative plural, indirect object, to/for the forests; ablative plural, by/with/from the forests
17. victoria — nominative singular, subject, the victory; ablative singular, by/with/from the victory
18. terra — nominative singular, subject, the land/earth; ablative singular, by/with/from the land/earth
19. portis — dative plural, indirect object, to/for the gates; ablative plural, by/with/from the gates
20. nautis — dative plural, indirect object, to/for the sailors; ablative plural, by/with/from the sailors
21. porta — nominative singular, subject, the gate; ablative singular, by/with/from the gate
22. Maria — nominative singular, subject, Mary; ablative singular, by/with/from Mary
23. terrarum — genitive plural, possessive, of the lands/earths or the lands’/earths’
24. terra — nominative singular, subject, the land/earth; ablative singular, by/with/from the land/earth
25. silva — nominative singular, subject, the forest; ablative singular, by/with/from the forest
26. Mariam — accusative singular, direct object, Mary
27. silvae — genitive singular, possessive, of the forest or the forest; dative singular, indirect object, to/for the forest; nominative plural, subject, the forests
28. terris — dative plural, indirect object, to/for the lands/earths; ablative plural, by/with/from the lands/earths
29. gloria — nominative singular, subject, the glory/fame; ablative singular, by/with/from the fame/glory
30. silva — nominative singular, subject, the forest; ablative singular, by/with/from the forest
31. silvarum — genitive plural, possessive, of the forests or the forests’
32. nauta — nominative singular, subject, the sailor; ablative singular, by/with/from the sailor
33. portae — genitive singular, possessive, of the gate or the gate’s; dative singular, indirect object, to/for the gate; nominative plural, subject, the gates

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