Chapters 12 – 16

1. Because to give in and believe would be to acknowledge weakness and mistake. Orual feels it stronger to simply go through with the present disbelief than to say that she was wrong, that Psyche was telling the truth. And it disappeared after a few seconds, and the few seconds during which it was visible to her served only to anger her more, though I think she was on the verge of repentance.

2. There is no love deeper and better than wanting to see a loved one happy, BUT!!! Humans cannot use that argument because we cannot define happiness. Only God knows if by our present course, we will attain heaven, that is, Eternal Happiness, or hell. So humans can’t and shouldn’t use that argument. Orual gives a good example in the question, “Would a father see his daughter happy as a whore?” but she is limited as a human because she is not all-knowing. If she were speaking of the Father, then she could use that, because He can ask such a question implying happiness in infinite terms. That makes all the difference in the world. But obviously, Orual, limited by her humanity, thinks Psyche is in danger. Even if her pessimism did not hinder her from seeing the truth, she still could not understand Truth in its fullness. No human can. Therefore Orual is not justified in using such persuasion. She does not, cannot, know if Psyche’s present course will truly lead to eternal damnation.

3. Ah. Hard. Well.. going through their two conversations… for one thing, Psyche puts her love for Orual above her anger. She loves… unconditionally. But still distinguishes between right and wrong, between Truth and lie. She trusts. She trusts what she knows to be good, even if she cannot see it. She hates the sin and not the sinner.

4. I think Bardia tries to justify both Psyche and Orual. I mean, not that that is his intention, but that is what his opinion, purely his own, does. It refuses to accuse Psyche of lying, trusts that the gods will do one no harm if one does nothing against them, but also seems to share Orual’s skepticism concerning the identity of Psyche’s husband. How his opinion differs from the Fox’s, however, is that he still believes whatever Psyche’s husband is to be the will of the gods. Overall, his trust in the gods still outweighs anything, even if it is a sort of wrong faith in a way.

5. The Fox tries to resort to pure reason, because he has no faith, but his use of reason is distorted in his grief. He is determined to find a perfectly plausible explanation for what has happened to Psyche, but unfortunately, does not paint her to be in the most favorable of circumstances.

6. Faith and Reason can be reconciled. But there is a correct way. Or… sheesh, I can’t think of any other way to say it. But God does not ask for Faith completely without Reason. We use Reason to defend our Faith. I guess what I mean by a correct way is that Orual would have given an example of an incorrect way… You know what, I’m going to get away from that; it’s a side-track. Anyway, Orual goes with reason and dismisses faith in a truly good outcome as foolish. Bardia does not exactly give her a good example of faith to go with, anyway… but I suppose that’s not entirely his fault.

7. Let me find it. Hang on… “The wrong kind of obeying itself can be a disobeying.” Basically the argument of both Weston and Orual is the blind obedience is in itself a disobedience, and that the one who is being obeyed — Maleldil, Psyche’s husband — would not expect it, would not be pleased by it, and would not be displeased by their trying to widen their knowledge so that they may follow, but not blindly. Bleh. It takes immense concentration to be able to see through their argument. That is why so many people give in. This is exactly what the “sin is a growth experience” argument is. The way to see through those arguments is to employ the 4 H’s.

8. It shows that people will use love as an excuse for anything, for the vilest sins. How ugly. And no, true Love does not coerce.

9. Orual would do well to learn the 4 H’s. Haha. No, but honestly. She does not try to appease the gods, but I do not think you could exactly say that she is running away. Maybe it’s just me, but I would call it more of a… oh, it’s like the song. “Give the heavens above more than just a passing glance.” Orual just gives that passing glance and then acts as she sees fit. Then again… her hatred masks her fear. I honestly think she is scared inside. She does hide it very well.

10. No Idea. Well, about the “you also shall be Psyche” part. As for the “you shall know yourself and your work,” that applies to all of us. At the Last Judgment, who we really are will be laid bare, and and we shall know ourselves, no matter how deeply we have tried to hide — for when we sin, we do tend hide it from ourselves most of all, don’t we? — and we shall know the consequences of our actions. Obviously, it would be very unfair if Orual was not punished in some way, for Psyche tried to act in a way that would… for want of a better word, satisfy, both loves.

11. Fit to be queen? By all earthly standards, I don’t see why not. But if she had a better understanding of the Divine, she would certainly be more at peace. The better approach would be to understand… and to have Faith where mortals cannot understand. I think the Fox has been a hindrance to her… but also that even without the Fox’s teachings, those around her would hardly have given good examples of true faith.


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