1. The high priest believes that only blood can pacify the gods.
2. First of all, the Fox either does not believe that there are gods, or, if there are, that they are better than men. Which is where he differs from the high priest. The Fox believes that, if there are gods, they would not be so cruel as to ask for blood, while the high priest of Ungit obviously believes that Ungit is so cruel as to demand the blood of someone like Psyche, and that Ungit could never be so kind as to settle for anything else, as the King at first suggested, and Orual continued to press for.
3. It is not that Orual believes that Psyche does not love her, she is upset because she wants Psyche to put up a struggle. It shows that Orual, first of all, has no trust whatsoever in the gods and their doings, and thinks it necessary to try and take everything into her own hands, or into the hands of those who will struggle with her. Second, that she is absolutely against seeing the possible good in things once she is set against them shows how closed her mind is. Third, it shows that she sometimes uses anger, cruelty, and an appeal to self-pity to hide her weaknesses.
4. From a Catholic perspective, Psyche hits the mark. Humans think like humans and try to interpret the gods from their limited understanding, and also limiting the god to thinking like they do. Orual is convinced that the gods are no better than humans. But Psyche’s hope is in that the gods might actually be better than humans. She does not limit the actions of the gods to being entirely comprehensible by humans.
5. No, I do not agree with the Fox.
Obviously, I do not know the mind of God, but I read somewhere something that hit me, and makes sense, and it went something like this — why do we think it so impossible that God might actually take our prayers into account when He plans the weather? It is because we limit God’s Being to the being of humans. And we limit Him to our understanding of Time. What is Time to God? He is not limited by it. All times are His Time. He has infinity to plan such things as weather.
I think the only thing I truly comprehend is that God is beyond human comprehension. xD What’s so bad about that? He reveals what He knows we need to know, when He knows we need to know it. That ought to be enough, if one believes Him to be Love.
No, the Fox’s belief is not in the general keeping of the Greeks. They believed that every aspect of their lives depended on the good (or bad) favour of the gods.
6. I do not think Orual is a bad person. I think she has good reason to be wary of things that bring happiness. Her experiences have been the foundation for her pessimism. She may be a little over-determined not to trust in anyone but her own perception of matters, which is obviously distorted by her trials in past, but she is not totally without reason for being so pessimistic. She has had a hard life. And she does not love easily. And so when she does love, she sincerely wishes to share in the burden of those she loves, but obviously her pessimism dismisses any hope that they express for themselves unless she, personally, can justify them within herself.
7. Orual absolutely refuses to believe Psyche. Orual, I think, is not totally to be blamed for her selfishness, but she is very selfish indeed. She feels that she has loved Psyche best and most truly of anyone who has ever loved Psyche, and she feels, I think, that Psyche hardly shows proper gratitude. Partly because she does not believe Psyche’s story. Of course, for someone as pessimistic as Orual, that she cannot see the palace or the cup or drink the wine or anything, of course she would doubt, and doubt very strongly. But in her selfishness, she pushes aside even Psyche’s claims to good reason, to that she is strong and healthy, and that she has never lied to Orual before, etc.
8. Orual’s focus is her loss. Rather, her losses. She is angry that Psyche was taken away from her, in more ways than one. She convinces herself that she thinks of Psyche, but if Psyche is happy and obviously perfectly sane, why can Orual not accept that? It is clear that it is her own loss that pains her. She does love Psyche very much. But there’s something… for want of a better word, possessive, about it. It can perhaps be compared to the love of a mother, that brings the child up, and then is reluctant to let go. It’s not really a letting go, it’s just a… hmm.. loving just as much while acknowledging the child’s independence? So it’s not a loss, rather… just a slight… bereavement? Hopefully the mother becomes reconciled to that loss and rejoices in the love that is still there, that has always been, if just slightly less dependent, but Orual… she is like the mother that never lets go. Not that I’d know anything about it, but that’s the best comparison I can come up with… can’t come up with anything closer to anything I’ve actually experienced.